Plant taxonomy, though mostly related to the academic setting, is basically also important to the idea of gardening. After all, plant taxonomy and gardening focus on one thing: plants. For plant taxonomy, it is mostly concerned on studying the development of the system concerned with classifying plants. Particularly, the classification is based on phylogeny otherwise known as the evolutionary relationships of plants.
Important things to Remember
To note, classification of plants including those used in gardening reflects phylogeny. If you are researching for something, then referring to the classification of the plants can help researchers identify how they can direct their work to get more accurate results.
If you want to make sure that you are finding the right information about the plant of your concern then you should make it your goal to organize phylogeny reconstruction in the most accurate way possible. The basic type of classification that plants get sorted into is the species. However, the manner in which should be recognized still remains highly debatable.
Theophrastus and Aristotle were the first one to make the earliest classifications in plant taxonomy. This dates back around 384-322 B.C. and 372-322 B.C. Additionally Theophrastus is also later referred to as the father of botany mainly because he was able to list more than 500 species. Some of the listed names still apply today. It is also important to note that for the following 1600 years, plant taxonomy’s development has been very minimal.
It was not until the arrival of the fifteenth century when the field gained a surge in interest once more particularly in relation to botany. The search and development of plants for medical purposes prompted such renewal of interest. Carolus Linnaeus consequently published his classification of plants recognized to Europeans during that time. The publication is known as the Species Plantarum. It was released in 1753.
The system that Linnaeus published proposed a classification that featured flower arrangements as well as number parts. The system was supposedly just be for identifying but has eventually turned into an artificial classification as opposed to a natural way to categorize things. It now became based on closely linked the species are.
Plant Taxonomy Today
At present, people understand type of classification related to the plant taxonomy system today is the kind of system that features the patterns directing the processes of evolution producing such plants. Botanical nomenclature is under the code internationally recognized. Practically speaking, common names should be used in horticulture and science. In order to be able to use a standard taxonomic name, standards prescribe the use of scientific names.
Organisms should be named with their scientific names given that they have international consensus. Aside from the species and genus, classification of plants also depends on the kind of family they belong and relate to. Families are put together based on orders. One family higher than the other may typically encompass that family.
Some families function as encompassing categories. Generally, the higher categories encompass a number of lower types of categories. There are a lot of botanists who utilize a range of intermediate categories involving family and genus. These intermediate categories include: subfamilies, tribes, as well subtribes. Genus and species like sections and subgenera.
Importance of Plant Taxonomy
While plant taxonomy may seem intimidating or quite complicated for the average individual, it is important for people to realize just how crucial it is to a number of things including gardening. For instance, similar species categorized together mean that their mode of nurturing should be similar and that these plants require similar resources in order to thrive.
The classification also makes it possible for people to explore different breeding and vegetation projects. The idea that there are numerous types of categories for a person to explore makes gardening a more exciting to do. Through plant classification, people are able to determine which families and types can be combined together to provide superior kinds of breeds. The development of breeds also allow for additional number of possible domesticated plants.
For people interested in specific gardening projects, you need to at least get basic knowledge on plant taxonomy. This would help in developing in better gardening practices.