Juniperus communis L. var. montana Ait. (common juniper)

 
Scientific name : Juniperus communis L. var. montana Ait.
Botanical Family : Cupressaceae

Plant Popularity

The plant Juniperus communis L. var. montana Ait., is the 38699th most popular plant at mygarden.net.au placing it in the top 19% of botanical plant names on our site.

English name : common juniper
Description : Juniper, Juniperus communis L.; evergreen shrub, much branched, with very sharp prickly short narrow evergreen leaves, these in whorls of 3 and glaucous above ; male and female cones usually on different plants (dioecious), axil¬lary, very small, the male consisting of several broad shortly pointed scales each with about 4 an¬ther-loculi attached to the lower margin, the female with a few empty scales at the base and 3 fleshy ones above which unite to form the de¬pressed globose cone (" fruit ") which is dark purple-blue and about 8 in. in diam. ; seeds hard ; very widely distributed in North Temperate regions from the Mediterranean to the Arctic and across Asia into North Ameri¬ca ; usually grows on open downs and hillsides and is locally common ; a second species is J. sibirica Burgsd. (J. nana Willd.), very dwarf and in these islands found only in Scotland.

Oil of Juniper is obtained from the dried ripe female cones (" fruits "), and is colourless or pale greenish-yellow, with a characteristic odour and a burning somewhat bitter taste. It is used medicinally, and the berries are also employed for flavour¬ing gin (family Cupressaceae).



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